How to prevent delirium:

How to prevent delirium:

Delirium is an acute confusional state.  There’s an alteration of consciousness with decreased ability to focus, sustain or shift attention.  Delirium usually develops over hours to days and may fluctuate during the course of the day. 

To prevent delirium:

  1. Stay hydrated
  2. Get good nutrition
  3. Maintain oxygenation
  4. Avoid constipation
  5. If in the hospital, avoid tubes (monitors, foley catheters, intravenous lines)
  6. Keep mobile.  Walk.
  7. Keep senses aware: Use eyeglasses, hearing aids, mobility devices).
  8. Prevent infections
  9. Limit medications that are psychoactive (sleep or anxiety medications)
  10. Manage pain with nonsedating medications like ibuprofen or acetaminophen
  11. Have familiar people around (family and caregivers)
  12. Visualize clocks and calendars.
  13. Get reoriented by family and staff to location and time, as needed.
  14. Avoid nighttime disturbances
  15. Reduce noise at night.

I hope this helps…


About drlesliegreenberg

I have been practicing as a family physician for over 20 years--as both an educator of physicians and clinician. From infancy to the elderly, I perform obstetrics and general medicine. I love my career and am passionate about my field of knowledge and my patients. Follow me on Facebook at Leslie Md Greenberg Medical Disclaimer The content of this website is provided for general informational purposes only and is not intended as, nor should it be considered a substitute for, professional medical advice. Do not use the information on this website for diagnosing or treating any medical or health condition. If you have or suspect you have a medical problem, promptly contact your professional healthcare provider.
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