Three types of diabetes. Do you have one?

flickr.com/photos/ petahopkins/ 10113965984Type 1, Type 2 and gestational diabetes are three types of diabetes each with different risks, all with increased blood sugars.

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, when the body’s immune system attacks itself.  In this case the body destroys its insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells.  Type 1 diabetics must take insulin everyday to survive.  This type usually develops in children and young adults, but can appear at any age.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form with 90% of diabetics having this type.  The risk factors for type 2 diabetes are

  • older age,
  • being overweight,
  • family history of diabetes,
  • physical inactivity,
  • history of gestational diabetes.

This type of diabetes may be controlled with weight loss, diet, exercise, medication and insulin.

Gestational diabetes develops only during pregnancy.  Women with a history of gestational diabetes have a 20 to 50% of developing type 2 diabetes within 5-10 years.  Pregnant patients routinely have a glucose tolerance test (drinking a sugary drink) and then checking blood sugars to confirm that body can control blood sugars well.

Symptoms of diabetes include increased thirst, increased frequency of urination, constant hunger, weight loss, blurred vision, extreme fatigue.

To test for diabetes, fasting blood sugar is the preferred test.  See your doctor if you have risk factors for diabetes or any of the above symptoms.  It’s best to know early so treatment can be instituted to decrease long term diabetic complications.

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About drlesliegreenberg

I have been practicing as a family physician for over 20 years--as both an educator of physicians and clinician. From infancy to the elderly, I perform obstetrics and general medicine. I love my career and am passionate about my field of knowledge and my patients. Follow me on Facebook at Leslie Md Greenberg Medical Disclaimer The content of this website is provided for general informational purposes only and is not intended as, nor should it be considered a substitute for, professional medical advice. Do not use the information on this website for diagnosing or treating any medical or health condition. If you have or suspect you have a medical problem, promptly contact your professional healthcare provider.
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